The first Pictish king shown in documented history was Nechtan * about 724 A.D., although there had been many who had fought valiantly at
Nechtan was finally expelled from Pictland by Alpin, half Davidian, * half Pict, the result of a political marriage. Alpin’s son, Kenneth MacAlpine became the first recorded King of Scotland as we know it today. The Picts, compressed by the northern invasion of the Vikings, who penetrated as far south as Caithness, sometimes even to
The surname KINNEAR was found in many different forms. In the archives researched, the earliest spelling of the name bore little resemblance to the one now used, but the genealogical connections have been established by experienced historical scholars. Although your name KINNEAR occurred in many references from time to time, the surname was spelled Kinnear, Kynnair, Kenneir, Kinner, Kinnier, Kynnair, MacEnir, MacEnnire, and some of these versions are still used today. These changes in spelling frequently occurred, even between father and son.
Preferences for spelling variations usually either came from a division of the family, or for religious reasons, or sometimes patriotic reasons. Scribes and church people frequently selected their own version of what they thought the spelling should be.
The family name KINNEAR emerged as that of a Scottish clan or family in this territory. More specifically, they developed from their original territories of Fifeshire where they were settled on the lands of KINNEAR. Michael Kinnear was first on record in 1170 A.D. In 1216 A.D. Simon Kinnear held the lands of KINNEAR as confirmed by King Alexander. Sir John Kinnear rendered homage to King Edward I of
During the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries,
Meanwhile, the Roman Church still fought to retain its status. Many clansmen were freely “encouraged” to migrate to
The migration or banishment to the
In North America some of the first migrants who would be considered kinsmen of the surname KINNEAR, or having a variation of the family surname spelling, were John and Elizabeth Kinner, settled in New York with sons Nicholas and Anthony , and daughter Elizabeth ; David Kinnear arrived in Philadelphia in 1844 ; Michael Kinnear settled in Philadelphia in 1873.
From the original ports the immigrants moved westwards - some to the middle west - some across the prairies to the west coast. During the American War of Independence their allegiances were divided. Some remained Americans, while some became United Empire Loyalists and moved north to
The name was prominent in the Arts, Science, Commerce and the professions. Many prominent people represent this notable name KINNEAR - Ian Kinnear, Trade Commissioner, Nigel Kinnear, Surgeon.
In researching the family coat-of-arms, we have the most ancient grant of arms to the family name. Other grants were made to different branches of the family which may be equally appropriate
The most ancient grant of a coat-of-arms found was black with a gold stripe and three canaries. The crest was two crossed anchors. The ancient family motto for this distinguished family was “I Live In Hope”.
From the Library of the Hall of Names.